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H2O Just Add Water - Season 1


H2O: Just Add Water, also known as H2O, is an Australian fantasy teen drama created by Jonathan M. Shiff. It first screened on Australia's Network Ten and runs in syndication on channels in over 120 countries and has a worldwide audience of more than 250 million.[1][2] It was filmed on location at Sea World and other locations on the Gold Coast. The show revolves around three teenage girls facing everyday teen problems with an added twist: they are mermaids with powers over water.




H2O Just Add Water - Season 1



Rikki Chadwick, Emma Gilbert, and Cleo Sertori are three teenage Australian girls who find themselves stranded on the mysterious Mako Island, where they end up in a pool under a dormant volcano just as a full moon passes above them, bathing the pool in light. The girls are rescued and brought back to shore, only to discover something strange. Ten seconds after coming into contact with water, the girls transform into mermaids. After further experimentation, the girls also discover they have supernatural powers over water. The trio enlist the help of Cleo's friend Lewis McCartney to help them keep their secret and find out more about it.


Series three sees the departure of Emma, who has left to travel the world with her parents. A new character, Bella Hartley, is introduced and it is discovered that she has been a mermaid since the age of nine. Rikki and Cleo become friends with Bella, but are soon beset by a mysterious tentacle of water with a connection to Mako Island. A new boy, Will Benjamin, also arrives and becomes friends with the trio when he discovers that they are mermaids. The girls learn that Earth is in the path of a comet that could destroy the planet. They try to think of a plan to stop the catastrophe.


There are three different types of mermaid tails used on the show: custom-fitted tails that the girls swim in, a "floppy tail" used for stationary shots, and a "hard tail" for stunts. The custom costumes took six months to build, with the tails and tops made from body casts and comprising individually hand-crafted scales. The finished product weighs between 12 and 15 kilograms (26 and 33 lb). Inside the tail are leg straps where the girls are strapped up and then zipped up. Once in costume, the girls have to be lifted into the water. Attempts were made to minimise the on-screen visibility of the zips on the tails, such as adding extra scales and crafting a ridge of material around the length of the zip. The tail fin itself was designed with a foot pedal to assist the actresses with swimming. This, along with the fin, adds some 60 centimetres (2 ft) to the length of the costume.


This article is about the first season of the H2O: Just Add Water series. To view the first season of Mako: Island of Secrets click here and to view the first season of H2O: Mermaid Adventures click here.


The first season shows three girls named Emma Gilbert, Cleo Sertori and Rikki Chadwick, who were regular girls. After Zane Bennett plays a prank to Cleo, they end up on the open sea with the guy's boat. The three girls, run out of fuel, and decide to peddle to an island in the distance called Mako Island. When they arrive, Emma tries to make a phone call, but she cant get a signal, so they decide to go to higher grounds to get a signal.


When they're passing by a brook with some rocks and waterfalls, Cleo falls into a cave. Cleo is fine, and Emma and Rikki decide to go to her rescue, but then the three don't understand how to get out. The three girls, are trapped inside the cave. They cross another corridor and end up seeing a pool inside the hollow mountain. Emma sees tidal rings and jumps in the pool to see if there is a way out. When she comes back, she confirms that there is really a way out. That means Cleo has to swim, but she's afraid of the water and she can not swim. Rikki convinces Cleo and when Cleo jumps in the pool to swim, the pool begins to bubble, and they see the full moon shining through the crater of the mountain. Eventually they swim out of the cave and are found by the local nautical team.


After that, the three girls go to Emma's house because Cleo has discovered another thing. Cleo can control the shape and volume of water. She shows this to Emma and Rikki, and when the water that Cleo controlled, is about to fall on Emma, Emma freezes the water by accident. This is the moment that Emma finds out her power too, freeze water. However, when Rikki also tries to use her power, nothing happens.


While Rikki is talking to a friend of Cleo, Lewis, she discovers that she's able to heat up his coca-cola. Later on the day, Rikki tests her power again on the beach, and confirms her water boiling power. Lewis eventually finds out about the three girls secret when Cleo goes to a pool party, and is thrown into the water by Zane and his friends. Cleo transforms in front of Lewis' eyes. He doubts if he should help Cleo or not, but decides to help her. After Cleo is out of the water, Rikki shows her power to Cleo and Emma, by drying Cleo's tail with her powers.


This season is mostly about Rikki, Emma and Cleo learning to use their powers and dealing with everyday problems, such as pesky siblings and not getting wet in public. Lewis also helps the three girls dealing with these problems. Cleo meets an old lady called Louise Chatham, who was a mermaid in her past. She warns Cleo of the full moon, that she and her friends should not look at the full moon or see its reflection, because if they do, weird things can happen to them. Cleo tells this to Emma and Rikki.


Zane Bennett also get trapped in Louise's sinking boat, and Emma has to save him. Zane sees a half of her tail and looks everywhere near Mako Island for the "sea monster". Zane sees Emma again as a mermaid, but he didn't recognize her because she had red hair. Rikki and Zane become a couple. At the end of the season, Zane helps Dr. Denman capture the mermaids so Denman can do tests on the three mermaids. Zane finds out who the mermaids really are and he rescues them with Lewis' help. During a lunar eclipse, the girls lose their powers, only for twelve hours, but it was enough for Dr. Denman, who thinks the effect is permanent, to lose interest in them.


Rikki is shocked when she finds an old locket, identical to Cleo's, for sale at the local jewelers. When Miss Chatham about her discovery, she is immediately distressed, fearing the worst for her long lost friend Julia, the original owner of the locket. Rikki calms her by promising she'll buy it back. But Miriam, sensing the chance to cause trouble, buys the locket for herself and proudly displays it in front of a furious Rikki. When Zane tries to help Rikki, Miriam gets jealous and throws the locket into the water. Desperate to prove his integrity, Zane dives in and retrieves it, managing to impress Rikki and save the day.


Rikki Chadwick, Emma Gilbert, and Cleo Sertori are three teenage Australian girls who find themselves stranded on the mysterious Mako Island, where they end up in a pool under a dormant volcano just as a full moon passes above them, bathing the pool in light. The girls are rescued and brought back to shore, only to discover something strange. Ten seconds after coming into contact with water, the girls transform into mermaids. After further experimentation, the girls also discover they have supernatural powers over water. The trio enlist the help of Cleo's friend Lewis McCartney to help them keep their secret and find out more about it.If you love cold sips of water on the trail, the Hydrapak HydraSleeve has you covered. This insulating sleeve fits most 3L hydration bladders and comes with an insulative tube. It offers modularized use, so you can simply use the bladder without the insulation sleeve or the system as a whole. We tested it while ski touring in the winter and backpacking through hot desert conditions. It kept the water in our tube from freezing twice as long as uninsulated tubes. It also kept our ice water cold in the reservoir 3x longer than a normal bladder. If you are seeking a system that'll do just that, this insulative option is our top choice. Enjoy it all year long, through both hot and cold weather.Water flow is the main validator of ease of use. After all, you shouldn't have to work to get water while you're putting miles down on the trail. A good bladder that'll provide great flow typically uses a large tube diameter in addition to a high flow value that'll create a pressurized system. The Platypus Big Zip Evo does just this. The valve is huge, and one bite down releases ample water into your mouth. The Gregory 3D Hydro has a smaller valve with a similar level of water flow that's easy to sip while in motion. Both have the highest flow of water tested in this review.As the seasons shift away from the warm and sunny and start moving towards cold and rainy, you know it's time to make a change in your daily cycling gear. Layer up with the lightweight PEARL iZUMi Men's Torrent WxB Jacket, with windproof and waterproof qualities designed to keep you on the bike all cold-weather season long.However, you might be surprised at just how commonplace this practice is. There are many people who believe using distilled water instead of coolant is suitable for vehicles driven in hot climates. This usually comes down to their mistakenly believing that antifreeze is only necessary for vehicles that will be driven in cold-weather conditions.Meanwhile, in extreme cold, just using water would result in the water freezing inside the engine, which could cause cracks in the radiator or heater core, warping in the cylinder head and damage to the engine block.These covariates were selected to represent factors of soil formation according to Jenny [40]: climate, relief, living organisms, water dynamics and parent material. Out of the five main factors, water dynamics and living organisms (especially vegetation dynamics) are not trivial to represent as these operate over long periods of time and often exhibit chaotic behaviour. Using reflectance bands such as the mid-infrared MODIS bands from a single day, would have little use to soil mapping for areas with dynamic vegetation, i.e. with strong seasonal changes in vegetation cover. To account for seasonal fluctuation and for inter-annual variations in surface reflectance, we instead used long-term temporal signatures of the soil surface derived as monthly averages from long-term MODIS imagery (15 years of data). We assume here that, for each location in the world, long-term average seasonal signatures of surface reflectance or vegetation index provide a better indication of soil characteristics than only a single snapshot of surface reflectance. Computing temporal signatures of the land surface requires a considerable investment of time (comparable to the generation of climatic images vs temporary weather maps), but it is possibly the only way to represent the cumulative influence of living organisms on soil formation.A process of infecting the chaffinch nestlings Fringilla coelebs with three analgoid feather mites, Analges passerinus L., 1758, Monojoubertia microphylla (Robin, 1877), and Pteronyssoides striatus (Robin, 1977), commonly occurred on this bird species was investigated. 15 nests contained totally 65 nestlings, from 2 to 6 individuals in a brood, have been examined from the day of hatching till 11th day. Observations were held in the neighbourhood of the bird banding station "Rybachy" (Russia, Kaliningrad Province) in June of 1982. Number of mites on alive nestlings taken temporarily from their nest was counted by means of binocular lens under the magnification x12.5 and x25. The nestlings receive the mites from the chaffinch female during the night time, when the female sits together with the young birds and heats them. In the condition of this prolonged direct contact the mites migrate from the female onto the nestlings. As it was shown in our study of seasonal dynamics of mites on the chaffinch (Mironov, 2000), the chaffinch female only gives its mites to young generation and looses about three quarter of its mite micropopulation during the nesting period (June), hile in the chaffinch males the number of mites continues to increase during all summer. The infections with three feather mite species happen in the second part of the nestling's stay in the nest. The starting time of this process, its intensity, and sex and age structure of mite micropopulations on the nestlings just before their leaving the nest are different in the mite species examined. These peculiarities of feather mite species are determined by the biology of examined species, and first of all by their morphological characteristic and specialisation to different microhabitats, i.e. certain structural zones of plumage. Pteronyssoides striatus (Pteronyssidae) is rather typical mite specialised to feathers with vanes. In adult birds with completely developed plumage this species occupies the ventral surface of the big upper coverts of primary flight feathers. This species appears on the chaffinch nestlings in a significant number on 7th day. The mites occupy the basal parts of primary flight feathers represented in that moment by the rods only. They sit on practically open and smooth surface of this microhabitat, which is uncommon for them, because the vanes of the big upper coverts are not yet open and also represented by thin rods. During the period of the last 5 days (from 7 to 11th day) the mean number of mites per one nestling increases from 2.3 +/- 0.5 to 17.1 +/- 1.8 mites. Just before the day, when the nestling leave the nest, the tritonymphs absolutely predominate (82.4%) in the micropopulation of P. striatus. Analges passerinus (Analgidae) is specialised to live in the friable layer formed by numerous not-engaged thread barbles of the down feathers and basal parts of the body covert feathers. Mites have special hooks on legs used for hard attaching to the barbles and for fast moving in the friable layer of feathers. On the chaffinch nestlings, these mites appear usually on 8th day, when the rod-like body covert feathers begin to open on apices and form short brushes; however some individuals occur on the skin of nestlings even on 6th day. The mean number of mites per nestling on the 11th day reaches 16.5 +/- 1.4 individuals. The micropopulation of A. passerinus is represented on the nestlings mainly by the females (45.5%), tritonymphs (23.6%) and males (11.5%). Monojobertia microphylla (Proctophyllodidae) is a typical dweller of feathers with large vanes. Mites of this species commonly occupy the ventral surface of primary and secondary flight feathers and also respective big upper covert feathers of wings. M. microphylla appears on the nestlings in a significant number (7.1 +/- 1.2 mites) on 9th day, only when the primary flight feathers already have short vanes about 10 mm in length. In next three days the number of mites increases very fast and reaches on 11th day 60.3 +/- 5.7 mites per nestling. In the micropopulation of this species, the tritonymphs count 38.3%, and the quota of males and females is 25.3% each. The migration of this species goes most intensively, than in two other species. An analitic selection of logistic curves shows, that the increasing of mite number during the process of infection with three mite species may be most adequately described by the sigmoid curves with clearly recognizable levels of saturation, which can be theoretically reached. Indeed, the number of mite individuals being able to migrate onto the nestlings is limited by their number on a respective chaffinch female. In a contrast, the increasing of plumage indices, for instance the length of flight feathers, has almost linear character during the period of observation. The beginning of mite migration is determined by the development of respective microhabitats in the plumage of nestlings, or at least by the development of certain structure elements of plumage, where mites are able to attach for a while, before that moment, when the nestlings will develop the plumage completely and begin to fly. In three mite species examined, the process of infection was performed by older stages, namely by the imago and/or tritonymphs. This can be explained by two reasons. On the one hand, the older stages are most active in their movement, resistible and able to survive successfully on new host individuals. On the other hand, the older stage are ready for the reproduction or will be ready after one moulting. The older stages of mites can quickly create a large and self-supporting mi 041b061a72


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